As a result of domestication and inbreeding, many dogs sadly suffer from defective joints. The most common conditions are hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia.
These are developmental conditions, where the hip and/or elbow joints do not form normally, resulting in early onset arthritis and joint pain. The conditions are also genetic, meaning that they can be passed down from a sire and a dam to their offspring. However, many less severely affected dogs show no symptoms until later in life, potentially after they have had many puppies.
The criteria for making and submitting radiographs are very strict and are in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the international bodies. Details of the procedures can be obtained from the KUSA website, SAVA website or from your veterinarian.